Top 10 reasons of pelvic pain in women

Pelvic pain is far more common than you think – yet this condition is rarely given the spotlight. 

Any pain below your belly button and above your legs is considered as pelvic pain. The female pelvis comprises many structures with the potential to cause pain when something goes wrong. 

This means, pelvic pain can be an indication of a disease or a  condition, including issues with the bowel, indigestion, and even sexually transmitted infections. Pelvic pain can also be a medical emergency, if it is associated with cysts or a blockage in your colon.  

Recognising the cause of your pain and seeking help from doctors as the advent of pain will help relieve your pain and improve your wellbeing. 

Here are the top 10 reasons of  pelvic pain in women;

1) Endometriosis 

Pelvic pain is one of the most common symptoms of Endometriosis. A condition that affects millions of women worldwide, Endometriosis is caused when the inner lining of the uterus grows in other parts of the body, such as the pelvis area. 

And unlike period blood, these extra cells build-up, causing pelvic pain and inflammation. 

2) Period pain 

Pelvic pain due to periods occurs when the muscles in the uterus contract. Despite being typical for many women, when the pain doesn’t get better with medication or time, it could be a sign of something more serious, such as Endometriosis. 

3) Ovarian cysts 

Ovarian cysts won’t cause pain unless the cysts are larger in size. If pain occurs alongside fever, nausea, and vomiting, it could signify ovarian cysts. The pain from ovarian cysts may be dull or sharp and usually occurs only on one side. 

4) Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

UTs are often associated with pelvic pain; however, it also comes with painful urination, pelvic pressure, and frequent urination. 

Affecting over 50% of women during their lifetime, pelvic pain due to UTIs is very common. It can be effectively treated with antibiotics, but a delay in treatment can also heighten your risk for kidney damage.

5) IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome) 

Over one-third of women with IBS also suffers from chronic pelvic pain. IBS is a chronic gastrointestinal disease with pelvic pain, bloating, diarrhoea being the most common symptoms. 

6) PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome)

PMS is a syndrome, which means it comes with a variety of symptoms, wherein pelvic pain in the form of abdominal pain is almost inevitable. 

Pelvic pain due to PMS typically starts in your lower back and occurs a day or two before periods and sometimes throughout your period. 

7) Fibroids 

Fibroids are non-cancerous tumours that grow in your uterine wall. Also called myoma, the tumours vary in size and may cause chronic pelvic pain and pelvic pressure. It may also cause infertility by blocking the Fallopian Tube when the fibroids become bigger. 

8) Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

STIs won’t usually cause pain. But in case it’s chlamydia and gonorrhea, pelvic pain may come as a warning sign. 

One of the most common reasons for pelvic pain is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, which develops as a consequence of untreated STI. It can be effectively treated with antibiotics when in an early stage. 

9) Kidney Disease 

Chronic pelvic pain is one of the telltales of kidney disease. When kidney stones form, they won’t cause pain unless they move around or displace. Pelvic pain due to kidney stones can fluctuate in intensity and come in waves. 

10) Intestinal Obstruction 

Physical intestinal obstruction is almost a medical emergency that blocks food and liquid to pass through the colon or small intestine, causing pelvic pain. It occurs when a tumour, or scar blocks the large intestine.

Managing pelvic pain with us 

Since determining the cause of pelvic pain can be tricky, we follow a multidisciplinary approach to diagnose, treat and manage pelvic pain. 

At Sunstate Family Practice, we’ll conduct a Pelvic Exam, and when required, we will initiate further tests such as Ultrasound, CT Scans, and other lab tests. 

We advise making a list of symptoms you’re experiencing and noting all key information about your pain. 

And always remember that you’re not alone. If you need to see our doctors, visit online booking and make your appointment today.